Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness but does not produce noticeable symptoms until you begin to experience vision loss. Having routine eye exams, with the team at Simply Eyes in Colleyville, is the best way to monitor your eye health and get treatment for glaucoma before your sight is damaged. Call Simply Eyes or schedule an appointment online today.
Glaucoma, a group of eye conditions, damages your optic nerve and leads to vision loss. The damage is often caused by abnormally high pressure in your eye. The two most common types of glaucoma are open-angle and angle-closure.
Angle-closure glaucoma occurs when the iris bulges forward to narrow or block the drainage angle between the cornea and iris, preventing fluid from exiting your eye. As a result, the fluid is not able to drain properly, leading to an increase in eye pressure that causes damage to your optic nerve.
Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type of glaucoma. It develops when the trabecular meshwork behind your iris is partially blocked, which prevents the fluid in your eye from draining and gradually increases the pressure in your eyes. Open-angle glaucoma usually develops so slowly that your vision is damaged before you notice a problem.
Your risk of glaucoma increases as you age. It is most common in patients over 60. Also, if you have a family history of the disease or other health conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure, your chances of developing glaucoma are higher.
If you’ve ever had your eyes checked, you are familiar with the “puff of air” test that can make you leap out of your chair. The technical term for the test is non-contact tonometry. Eye pressure is measured indirectly by your eye’s resistance to the air puff.
Another test involves eye-numbing drops and a special device that gently touches your eye to measure its pressure. Additionally, your optometrist examines your retina and optic nerve to check for signs of damage.
If Dr. Bui or Dr. Pham diagnoses you with glaucoma, they will provide treatment to reduce the pressure in your eye to protect your vision. Often, they prescribe medicated eye drops that either increase the outflow of the fluid in your eyes or reduce fluid production. Regulating the fluid in your eye also reduces the pressure and the risk of damage to your optic nerve.
You may also benefit from laser therapy or other surgical procedures such as filtering surgery or the placement of drainage tubes.
Your optometrist will discuss your treatment options with you and answer your questions to help you make an informed decision.
If you are due for an eye exam or are concerned about glaucoma and your overall eye health, call Simply Eyes or make an appointment online today.